WWDC Notes

Adopt the new look of macOS

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Make over your Mac apps: Discover how you can embrace the new design of macOS Big Sur and adopt its visual hierarchy, design patterns, and behaviors. We’ll explore the latest updates to AppKit around structural items and common controls, and show you how you can adapt more customized interfaces with just a bit of adoption work. And find out how you can incorporate custom accent colors and symbols to further personalize your app. To get the most out of this session, you should be familiar with AppKit and SF Symbols. For additional information on symbols, watch "SF Symbols 2.0”.

macOS has an all new design:

  • a new toolbar with inline title, big bold controls and integration with the window’s split view
  • full height sidebars with colorful icons and updated symbol iconography
  • new appearance for lists/tables using a new inset selection style

Most of these changes happen automatically to your app (if you’re using classes like NSToolbar and NSSplitViewController).

Sidebars

Sidebar: use NSSplitViewController, items configured using NSSplitViewItem.Behavior.sidebar

NSView properties to find the safe areas of the view:

New view item in the library: "Window Controller with Sidebar" (NSWindowController + NSSplitViewController)

Opting out of the full height sidebar: NSSplitViewItem.allowsFullHeightLayout

  • use this when sidebar is typically collapsed, or when you need more space for the toolbar

Accent colors:

Toolbars

There’s no longer any special material behind the toolbar items, it’s a uniform part of the content of the window (this works automatically).

New toolbar styles, controlled through NSWindow.toolbarStyle - NSWindowToolbarStyle:

.unified

  • the new standard - like in the new versions of system apps
  • larger controls, bold icons
  • inline title located at the leading edge of the title bar next to the sidebar
  • good choice for most windows

.unifiedCompact

  • more compressed style
  • regular sized controls, smaller toolbar height
  • this is what was previously used if the window was configured to hide the title bar
  • now supports an optional inline title
  • use when user’s focus should be on the content of the window and there aren’t many elements in the toolbar

.preference

.expanded

  • what used to be the standard layout of the toolbar
  • title is centered on top of the toolbar and can expand across the window
  • large button icons with labels below
  • use when the window title is long, or the toolbar is heavily populated with items, or when you want to keep existing toolbar layout

.automatic

  • default value
  • determines the toolbar style based on your window structure
  • existing apps linked on older SDKs keep their old layout

Toolbar buttons no longer have a border, a shape only appears when hovering

  • controls with text fields show a slight border so that you know where you can click to focus

NSToolbarItem minSize & maxSize properties are deprecated - macOS can automatically give your controls a proper size; you can still use constraints if necessary.

New NSWindow.subtitle property:

  • shows a smaller subtitle under the window title, e.g. the message count in Mail
  • in .expanded style it appears next to the title

Controls like back/forward buttons should be put on the leading edge of the title bar, before the title

  • set NSToolbarItem.isNavigational to position them there
  • users can add and remove them from the toolbar, but can only put them in the leading edge area

NSSearchToolbarItem:

  • new toolbar control for search text fields
  • appears as a text field if there’s enough space, otherwise collapsed into an icon
  • use searchField property to access the text field itself
  • works on older versions of macOS

NSTrackingSeparatorToolbarItem:

  • a separator that extends the separator line of the window content’s split view upwards through the toolbar
  • when creating, you pass it the split view to track and the index of its divider

To position items in the title bar area of the sidebar, include an NSToolbarItem.Identifier.sidebarTrackingSeparator item and add those items before the sidebar separator item.

The toolbar has no border below, but a slight shadow appears below it to separate it from the content when the content is scrolled

Controls

New modern design of controls like popup buttons, sliders, segmented controls

New multicolor system accent color - uses each app’s preferred accent color

  • define the app’s global accent color in the asset catalog (can be different for light/dark mode) + set the name in build options
  • people can still chose one of the previously available accent colors, and then that color overrides your setting so they can use that color everywhere
  • it’s preferred to use named colors like controlAccentColor, selectedContentBackgroundColor, keyboardFocusIndicatorColor instead of explicitly using your own color for controls

New .large control size

  • e.g. when you need one large action button
  • works for: a few kinds of buttons, text fields, search fields, segmented controls
  • also used in the unified toolbar style, and in system alerts

New inset style for table selection - adds extra padding, taller default row heights

NSTableView.style:

Text

System text styles are now available (Large Title, Headline, Body etc.) - but without Dynamic Type, so they have one constant size.

NSFont.preferredFont(forTextStyle: options:)
NSFontDescriptor.preferredFontDescriptor(forTextStyle: options:)

Symbol images

SF Symbols is now available on the Mac:

NSImage.init?(systemSymbolName: accessibilityDescription:)
  • they can scale to different font sizes and weights
  • toolbar and sidebar items automatically configure symbol images to match the size & style of the container
  • it’s best to use them inside NSImageView (see symbolConfiguration property)
  • to customize symbol configuration, use NSImage.withSymbolConfiguration(…)
  • most of existing named system images now return some kind of symbol image from SF Symbols

This note was originally published at https://mackuba.eu/notes/wwdc20/adopt-new-look-of-macos/

Missing anything? Corrections? Contributions are welcome 😃

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Written by

kuba_suder

Kuba Suder

Kuba Suder is an independent Mac/iOS/watchOS developer from Kraków, Poland. Currently busy working on his own apps and projects, learning more about Apple platforms and sharing the knowledge on his blog. Language of choice: Swift for apps, Ruby on the backend.

Twitter: @kuba_suder • Blog: mackuba.eu